Charles Dowding’s approach to growing

A full house for an evening full of labour saving growing tips

 

 

NO DIG METHODOLOGY
No dig gardening is a fine way of reducing the number of annual weeds in your garden however you will need to tackle the perennial weeds.

Suppress light until the weeds die, different weeds take different amounts of time to die, for example: dandelion about 4 months, buttercup about 3 months, couch grass 9 months and field bindweed about 10 years! Old black plastic is good for excluding light in the early stages of clearing ground / killing weeds, but you can use ‘landscape fabric, cardboard and biodegradeable membrane (which doesn’t exclude enough light on its own) – experiment with what you have. Note: cardboard with mulch ontop – the cardboard rots too fast and couch grass grows up through.

Loosen and lift out regularly any weeds that come back

Beds are approximately 4 feet apart, paths are 15-18inches wide

Create a raised bed (e.g. using timber), place a layer of cardboard over the ground then fill bed with well rotted organic matter (18 months old). Use cardboard on the paths and cover with sawdust (or other organic matter) (cardboard alone will break up under your weight)

By not digging annual weed seeds are not brought to the surface to germinate. Only 2 hoeings a year will be necessary, the first hoeing is usually at the end of winter

Top up each bed with well rotted organic matter little and often to keep the surface clean and dark brown which helps the beds warm up quickly

The wooden sides can be removed once after a few months as they tend to harbour slugs and woodlice (Charles only uses them to form new beds)

Do not dig woodchip nor sawdust into the soil, leave it ontop

INTENSIVE CROPPING

It is probably better to crop intensively a small area rather than less intensively a larger area (saves time and effort), therefore after onions plant your second crop (e.g. endive for autumn), after early potatoes plant carrots, leek, salads, celeriac or cucumber.

Space salad plants generously, pick outer leaves of salads only, each plant will crop for 10 weeks, you will only have to do 2 repeat sowings (+1 for the winter) instead of 4 (+1). Towards the end of the 10 weeks underplant with rocket, endive, white mustard…

Charles does not harden off plants but plants plug raised seedlings directly outside then covers them with horticultural fleece.

Have a ready supply of seedlings in the green house growing in plugs ready for planting out. Charles only sows carrots and parsnips directly into the ground

Green manure – white mustard is killed by the frost – a very easy green manure

TIMINGS & TIPS

Don’t start sowing too early. “If you sow carrots now (February) then you won’t have to eat carrots”

February – sow onions (4-6 seeds per module), Bolthard beetroot (4-6 seeds per module) , broad beans, peas (2-3 seeds per module)

Apply well rotted organic matter to beds ideally before Christmas (late February is OK) – the idea is that you are feeding the soil not the plants (winter application gives time for the organic matter to break down).

Salads for the winter in a polytunnel – sow September, plant out in polytunnel October

February – plant out seed grown onions under fleece (sow 4 or 5 seeds per module), approx 15cm apart, in a 1.2m (4”row) you can crop approx 30 onions

You can bend the rules a bit, for example sow sprouts in May, plant out in July after salads…

Sow Florence fennel in June so it doesn’t bolt

Runner beans – you can let them go to seed, harvest the dry seeds and store dry, soak prior to cooking…

Strawberries – Cut back all foliage on strawberry plants after cropping in July to stop them spreading – keeps the orignial plant

Tomatoes – remove all foliage up to first truss. Tip the plants on 10th August. Underplant with salads

Celeriac likes good spacing (15” 35cm) and lots of well rotted organic matter

Sow seeds 2 days before the full moon

PEST CONTROL

Use horticultural fleece or Enviromesh on leeks against leek moth

Horticultural fleece, Enviromesh or bird netting on vegetables against rabbits, pigeons and deer

 

A FEW RECOMMENDED VARIETIES

Taunton Dene kale – crops all winter

Basil Sweet Genovese

Sungold tomatoes – early and prolific

Melon Sweet Heart (for polytunnel)

Crown Prince squash

Charlotte potatoes

Lettuces – Winter Density, Freckles, Green oakleaf Appleby (Avoid red and green saladbowl as tend go to seed fast)

www.charlesdowding.co.uk A website worth checking regularly as it is full of tips and informations

6 September 2015 2pm -5pm open day at Homeacres, Alhampton, Shepton Mallet BA4 6PZ

 

 

Bulk supplier well rotted organic matter – Viridor compost from the recycling centre at Dimmer near Castle Cary